This study investigated the reliability of genomic prediction (GP) using breed origin of alleles (BOA) approach in the Nordic Red (RDC) population, which has an admixed population structure. The RDC population consists of animals with varying degrees of genetic materials from the Danish Red (RDM), Swedish Red (SRB), Finnish Ayrshire (FAY), and Holstein (HOL) because bulls have been used across the breeds. The BOA approach was tested using 39,550 RDC animals in the reference population and 11,786 in the validation population. Deregressed proofs (DRP) of milk, fat and protein were used as response variable for GP. Direct genomic breeding values (DGV) for animals in the validation population were calculated with (BOA model) or without (joint model) considering breed origin of alleles. The joint model assumed homogeneous marker effects and a single set of marker effects were estimated, whereas BOA model assumed heterogeneous marker effects, and different sets of marker effects...

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