Background. Knee osteoarthritis is an inflammatory condition with prevalence increasing with age and body weight. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are often prescribed to reduce inflammation and symptoms, but are associated with established side effects. An anti-inflammatory diet may provide an alternative treatment to reduce inflammation and symptomatic progression, yet research is limited. During the SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic, the use of telemedicine has diversified, including dietary advice. Aim. To determine the feasibility of an anti-inflammatory diet delivered via telemedicine in adults with knee osteoarthritis. Methods. This 9-week single-arm feasibility pilot study took place across Australia (March-July 2020). Twenty-eight participants diagnosed with moderate symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (average pain ≥4/10), aged 40-85 years and weight stable for 3 months received an anti-inflammatory diet intervention via telemedicine, supported by additional telemedicine consultations at three and 6 weeks timepoints. Feasibility was measured by recruitment and retention rate, adverse events and self-reported dietary adherence. Results. 109 individuals...

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