Scope. Perinatal high-fat diet (HFD) increases risk of metabolic disorders in offspring. Adipose tissue remodeling is associated with metabolic syndrome. The current study characterizes the profile of maternal HFD-induced changes in adipose tissue remodeling and adipokines expression in mice offspring. Methods and Results. Female C57BL/6 mice are fed with CHOW or HFD for 2 weeks before mating, throughout gestation and lactation. At weaning, pups are randomly fed with CHOW or HFD, resulting in eight groups according to sex and maternal diet: Male CHOW-CHOW (MCC), Male CHOW-HFD (MCH), Male HFD-CHOW (MHC), Male HFD-HFD (MHH), Female CHOW-CHOW (FCC), Female CHOW-HFD (FCH), Female HFD-CHOW (FHC), and Female HFD-HFD (FHH). Increased body weight, impaired glucose tolerance, increased adipose tissue mass and hypertrophy, and decreased circulating asprosin level are only observed in male offspring exposure to maternal HFD. Serum asprosin level negatively correlates with fasting blood glucose, serum cholesterol (CHO), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels,...

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