Background and aims. Previous studies had shed a new light on the importance of multiple inflammatory mechanisms in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffness. The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a new tool for estimating the overall inflammatory potential of the diet. The aim of this study is to assess the association of the inflammatory potential of diet with peripheral arterial stiffness and renal function in women with diabetes and prediabetes. Methods and results. This is an observational cross-sectional study. A total of 2644 females aged 45-75 years were included for the study. Dietary intake in the past 12 months was assessed by a validated China National Nutrition and Health Survey 2002 (CNHS2002) food-frequency questionnaire. Energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores were calculated from daily dietary information. In a multivariable linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders, E-DII was positively associated with brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in participants with diabetes (β...

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