Pesticides are contaminants that pose serious risks to human health and the environment worldwide; however, little information is available on the occurrence of pesticide residues in vegetables in either Chile or Mexico. This study evaluated the presence of 22 pesticide residues in vegetables sold at supermarkets and farmers markets in Chile and Mexico and estimated the dietary risk. A total of 101 samples collected from 2018 to 2019 were analyzed by the QuEChERS multiresidue method using gas chromatography with a triple-quadrupole mass detector (GC-MS/MS). Eleven pesticide residues (i.e., carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, dimethoate, endosulfan alpha, endosulfan sulfate, lambda-cyhalothrin, methamidophos and monocrotophos) were quantified in chard, lettuce, green chili, tomato, and spinach. The total number and concentrations of these pesticides were greater in Mexico (10) than in Chile (3). Lambda-cyhalothrin was the most common residue in all Chilean and Mexican vegetables. Traces of carbofuran were detected in chard from Chile...

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