The effect of polymers (gelatin, starch, and maltodextrin) on the physical properties of freeze-dried model soup (sodium chloride, sucrose, and monosodium glutamate) was investigated. The polymers were added to the soup solution at 1 or 3% (w/v), which was then freeze-dried at 25 or 50°C. Gelatin and maltodextrin prevented crystallization of sodium chloride to a greater extent than starch under freezing. Freeze-drying was conducted above the freeze-concentrated glass transition temperature. Polymer addition prolonged drying time, but prevented structural deformation. Gelatin enhanced the physical strength of the freeze-dried solid more than starch and maltodextrin because of its gel-network. In a dissolution test, 1% gelatin, and 1 and 3% maltodextrin exhibited greater dissolution than the other samples. The drying rate was lower at 50°C, with minor modifications to the other properties. From these results, it was concluded that 1% gelatin was useful as a physical stabilizer for freeze-dried soup. © Association of...

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