Volatile constituents in jambolan [Syzgium cumini (L.) Skeels] wine were isolated by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O). The composition of the jambolan wine included 52 esters, 20 terpenes, 13 alcohols, 12 acids, 11 aldehydes, 4 ketones, 4 oxides, and 5 miscellaneous compounds. Aroma extract dilution analysis and odor activity units were used for the determination of odor-active compounds. A total of 19 odor-active compounds were found as odor-active volatiles, from which (E)-Î²-ionone, phenylacetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, ethyl hexanoate, and ethyl benzoate were the most important. The similar results of the GC-O and OAV approaches suggests that HS-SPME-GC-O could be used as a fast and simple tool to quality control of the jambolan wine aroma. Â© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2021.