Aim. The effects of detergent, ethanol and ethanol with plant meadowfoam oil on the growth of the red heterobasidomycete Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous and on the production of astaxanthin (3,3′-dihydroxy-β, β-carotene-4,4′-dione) and fatty acids in this red yeast were investigated. Methods and Results. Ethanol supplementation at a final concentration of 0.8% (v/v) caused an increase in the growth, astaxanthin production and fatty acid production of treated X. dendrorhous compared with untreated X. dendrorhous. Supplementation of meadowfoam oil with 0.8% ethanol further improved the growth and astaxanthin production of X. dendrorhous. Fatty acid compositions following supplementation with various concentrations of ethanol and oil were also analysed. With 0.8% ethanol supplementation, the ratio of linoleic acid (C18:2) and α-linolenic acid (C18:3ω3, ALA) decreased. Conversely, with 1.8% ethanol supplementation, the ALA ratio increased. Conclusions. Ethanol can serve as a promoting factor for coproduction of astaxanthin and fatty acids in X...

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