Here, we report a novel approach to improve the anti-Clostridium perfringens activity of the leaderless two-peptide enterocin 14 (EntDD14), produced by Enterococcus faecalis 14. This strategy consists of loading EntDD14 onto alginate nanoparticles (Alg NPs), which are made of a safe polymer. The resulting formulation (EntDD14/Alg NPs) was able to reduce up to four times the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of EntDD14 against C. perfringens pathogenic strains isolated from a chicken affected by necrotic enteritis (NE). Interestingly, this formulation remained active under conditions mimicking the human and chicken gastric tract. Assays conducted to establish the impact of this formulation on the intestinal epithelial cell line Caco-2 and the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT29 revealed the absence of cytotoxicity of both free-EntDD14 and EntDD14 loaded onto the alginate nanoparticles (EntDD14/Alg NPs) against the aforementioned eukaryotic cells, after 24 h of contact. Notably, EntDD14 and EntDD14/Alg NPs, both at a...

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