Norwegian pear (Pyrus communis L.) production has been in decline for the last 25 years. This was mainly because of old cultivars, with low yields and poor consumer appeal, could not compete against strong competition from imported pears, mainly "Conference". Since 1994, the Norwegian breeding company, Graminor Ltd., has released several new pear cultivars, which have been evaluated at NIBIO Ullensvang, western Norway. The first trial was planted in 1999 and included the Graminor Ltd. cultivars: "Ingeborg", "Fritjof" and "Anna", which were bred by the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. In 2002, a second trial was planted including Graminor Ltd. Cultivars: "Kristina", "Ingrid" and "Celina" and these were compared against a control, "Clara Frijs". All scion cultivars were grafted on the semi-vigorous rootstock "Brokmal" and grown for 8 years. In both trials, full bloom (~80% of flowers open) took place between 7 May+ 3 days and 15 May+ 4...

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